Substantive Education

April 22, 2010

Grammar Basics

Filed under: Uncategorized,writing — kbagdanov @ 9:16 pm
Tags: , , , ,

The following is a review of  the basic parts of speech.  We’ve been going over some of these in my classes.  Once I’m sure students have some of these basics down we can move on to review some of the tricky grammar rules that occur on the SAT and ACT tests.

If you have elementary school kids this is a good list of starting concepts.  You can review by printing up  worksheets or purchasing a workbook…or have students list all the nouns (or verbs, or adjectives) out of a book they are reading.  Even a very young child can ‘bring you a noun’ or illustrate a verb by jumping in place.  Introducing prepositions is as easy as having your child go…under the table, by the table, around the table…etc.   There really isn’t a need to spend a lot of money for these early lessons.

This site has free, printable worksheets

Parts of speech

Nouns – A person, place, thing, or idea.  Make sure kids understand that a noun can be an idea, concept, or belief.  Truth, peace, love can all be nouns.   Proper nouns are naming nouns, like Kelly, Los Angeles, or The Hobbit.  In the following sentence the nouns are bold.

Joseph angrily kicked the soccer ball over the  dilapidated fence.

Adjectives – Words that describe or modify a noun.

Joseph angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

Verb – An action word, or a word which shows state of being or occurrence.  (Verbs that show state of being would be words like: is, are, am, was etc.)

Joseph angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

Adverb – A word that describes or modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. (and frequently ends with an -ly.)

Joseph angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

Preposition – a function word that combines with a noun, pronoun or noun phrase to form a prepositional phrase.  (Here is a  list of frequently used prepositions.)

Joseph angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

Article – words that make a noun specific…the, a, an.

Joseph angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

Pronoun – A word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence.  Pronouns would include I,we, you, he, she, it, they, them etc.  A pronoun must have a clear antecedent…more on this later.

He angrily kicked the ball over the dilapidated fence.

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