Substantive Education

Weather Vocab

We are playing weather jingo for part of our class time over the next few weeks.  During the rest of the class time we will be discussing some of these concepts in more depth and performing some experiments.  When we play the game we will be reading the definitions…there is an A and B definition for each to provide more clues if students are stumped.

A.  It forms when water from lakes, oceans, rivers, moist plants, or soil condenses

B.  It occurs when a collection of tiny water droplets float in the air near the ground.

Answer:  Fog

A.  They are bands of moving air that circle the earth and move between a series of high and low pressure belts.

B.  If the earth did not rotate, these bands of moving air would blow due north and south.

Answer:  Global winds

A.It is a strong band of wind that moves across the United States from west to east.  In the winter it is farther south than in the summer.

B.  These narrow bands of very fast moving air are found high in the troposphere.

Answer:  Jet Stream

A.  It is a prediction of what the weather will most likely be.

B.  a meteorologist presents this on television after the news and generally before the sports.

Answer:  Forecast

A.  These large tropical storms have high winds and heavy rains.

B.  These tropical storms are named and usually last about nine days.  They can cause great damage when they move over land.

Answer:  Hurricanes

A.  This form of precipitation occurs when droplets of water freeze in layers around a small nucleus of ice.

B.  It ranges in size from that of peas to that of oranges and even larger.

Answer:  Hail

A.  It takes six moist or thirty dry inches of this to equal one inch of rain.

B.  It can be created artificially so skiers can ski.

Answer:  Snow

A.  This form of precipitation can quickly turn into rain or snow depending on the temperature.

B.  In the summer this melts before it reaches the ground and it falls as rain.

Answer:  Sleet

A.  This violent, whirling wind moves over a narrow path of land.

B.  This destructive funnel cloud acts like a giant vacuum cleaner.

Answer:  Tornado

A.  It may blow so gently that it can hardly be felt or so violently it smashes buildings.

B.  It is the power that allows sailboats to sail.

Answer:  Wind

A.  It is a sudden discharge or a spark of electricity between two clouds or between a cloud and the ground.

B.  It is the leading cause of forest fires in our western states.

Answer:  Lightening.

A.  When prehistoric people heard this, they thought the gods were angry.

B.  It occurs when there is a violent expansion of the air that has been heated by lightening.

Answer:  Thunder

A.They are masses of small water droplets or tiny ice crystals that float in the air.

B.  The three main types of these are cirrus, cumulus, and stratus.

Answer;  Clouds

A.  This instrument is used to measure the temperature.

B.  It is a thick glass tube with a bulb at one end filled with mercury or alcohol.

Answer:  Thermometer

A.  During this process liquid water changes into a gas or water vapor.

B.  Water boiling in a pot will seem to disappear due to this process.

Answer:  Evaporation

A.  According to this temperature scale, water freezes at 0 degrees.

B. According to this temperature scale, water boils at 100 degrees.

Answer:  Celsius

A.  According to this scale, water freezes at 32 degrees.

B.  According to this scale water boils at 212 degrees.

Answer:  Fahrenheit

A.  It is the measure of the force of air pressing down on the earth.

B.  Because of a change in this, your ears may ‘pop’.

Answer:  Air Pressure

A.  This form of air pollution is a combination of the words smoke and fog.

B.  This thick, brownish haze is formed when hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and other gases react in sunlight.

Answer:  Smog

A.  This circular arc of colors appears in the sky when raindrops are illuminated by sunlight.

B.  To remember its colors, remember Roy G. Biv.

Answer:  Rainbow

A.  It occurs when a cold front meets a warm front and cumulonimbus clouds form int he air.

B.  Thunder and lightening accompany this severe rainstorm

Answer:  Thunderstorm

A.  It is a process by which water vapor changes back to a liquid.

B.  This occurs when the air is saturated and if dust or salt particles are present.  Dew is one result of this.

Answer:  Condensation

A.  This scientist studies the weather so he/she can predict what the weather will be.

B.  The Director of the National Hurricane Center is Miami is this type of scientist.

Answer:  Meteorologist

A.  It is the process by which water returns to the earth’s surface in the form of rain, sleet, snow, or hail.

B.  This occurs when water droplets that form on clouds become too numerous or heavy to remain afloat in the air.

Answer:  Precipitation

A.  This instrument measures rainfall.

B.  This straight sided container with a flat bottom collects rain as it falls.

Answer:  Rain Gauge

A.  The weatherman uses this ‘picture’ of weather conditions as part of his/her forecast.

B.  This technologically created drawing cans how you weather factors such as where there is precipitation.

Answer:  Weather Map

A.  It is the average of all weather conditions of an area over a long period of time.

B.  There are three basic zones of this:  polar, temperate, tropical.

Answer:  Climate

A.  It is a myth that this animal can forecast the weather by seeing its shadow or not.

B.  Punxsutawney Phil is the most famous one.

Answer:  Groundhog

A.  It is the continuous process of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.

B.  It is also called the hydrological cycle.

Answer:  Water Cycle

A.  This severe winter snowstorm can cause near zero visibility.

B.  The temperature must be below -7 degrees celsius, the wind speed must be more than 56 km per hour, and it must be snowing.

Answer:  Blizzard


1 Comment »

  1. […] them before class.  I’ll be posting them in groups so that it is not overwhelming.  The first group is up now.  We will continue to learn more words and play the game for the last 20 minutes of […]

    Pingback by Elementary Science Update « Substantive Education — January 11, 2010 @ 7:40 pm | Reply

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